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Introduction to the Vascular Plant List, Oakmead Herbarium

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Jasper Ridge Biological Preserve Plant List 

Web Version with Photo Links

Native and non-native, naturalized vascular-plants known to occur—or have occurred (historical records are considred those more than 25 years ago)—in the area of the Preserve. Almost all plants (98%) are documented by one or more herbarium vouchers in the Oakmead Herbarium or, occasionally, in other herbaria; without an herbarium voucher, the identification of a taxon may remain in doubt. In a very few cases, because of small occurrence size, a taxon is represented by digital photographs and/or a partial collection, e.g., single flower displaying diagnostic characters (DOC in the "document type" field).  There are even fewer plants listed based solely on a report by qualified botanists (REP in the "document type" field). 

Scientific names generally follow the Jepson eFlora. We also reference plants and/or names, including some hybrids, not treated therein, e.g., Elymus x hanseniiQuercus x jolonensis. Also, following the Marin Flora, 2nd ed, 2007: “We include here as naturalized species those that are established and have a true competitive status without cultivation whether the plant is aggressively spreading or seems only passively and locally established. . . . Experience has shown that the waifs of today may become the weeds of tomorrow."  Waifs, i.e., plants appearing for a season or two but not persisting, HybridsUnconfirmed reports, and those names earlier included based on misidentification are on separate lists. Documented plants that have gone missing or are in danger of doing so are also listed as disappearances and declines. Many of the identification notes are compliments of Dylan Neubauer, 2013,  Annotated Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Santa Cruz County, California, 2nd ed. 

 

Abbreviations & Symbols

Documentation Type and Plant Status:

SPEC—Specimen at the Jasper Ridge herbarium (JROH). Plant is presumed present unless otherwise noted; Calflora observations with photos also usually available.
spec—Historical specimen but no recent or current documentation (recent ~25 years of herbarium team surveys).
SPEC$—Specimen, at herbaria other than Jasper Ridge.
spec$—Historical specimen at herbaria other than Jasper Ridge, but no recent or current documentation (recent ~25 years of herbarium team surveys).
DOC—Documented, plant observed and/or photographed by herbarium team but not vouchered.
REP—Reported, usually by more than one observer with detailed location information. No known specimen; unconfirmed by herbarium team.
rep — No documentation post-1993 (recent ~25 years of herbarium team surveys).

Rare, Naturalized, Waif, Hybrid, etc.:

« officially listed rare/endangered (CNPS, State, or Federal listing) in bold italics. Names in bold italics without symbol « are Locally Rare native taxa

* non-native species naturalized in California

! California native species not native to the Preserve or surrounding area

N—persistent at JRBP and not mentioned or mentioned and not given taxonomic status in TJM2

W—persisitent, sometimes reproducing at JRBP and considered a waif in our bioregion according to TJM2. Waif designates a taxon occurring as a garden escape, agricultural weed, or non-native species that does not become naturalized in our region, but may be naturalized in other parts of California

x—hybrid

 

Misc. Abbreviations and Acronyms:

aff. (affinis) = having affinity with, closely related to; (1) differs clearly from the holotype, but may fall within the limits of variation of the species, or (2) relates a new undescribed taxon to a named taxon; see Open Nomenclatural Terms

Cal-IPC = California Invasive Plant Council

cf. =  (confer) probably belongs to the identified taxon, but the determination is uncertain or provisional; see Open Nomenclatural Terms

CNPS = California Native Plant Society

CNPS Inventory R&E Plants = California Native Plant Society Inventory of Rare, Threatened, and Endangered Plants of California

Consortium = Consortium of California Herbaria

fl, fls (Fl, Fls) = flower(s), floral, flowering

JRBP = Jasper Ridge Biological Preserve, Stanford University

RANK = California Rare Plant Rank, see below

SM = San Mateo County

ssp. = subspecies

syn. = synonym (synonomy)

TJM1 = The Jepson Manual, Hickman et al., 1993.

TJM2 = The Jepson Manual, 2nd ed., Baldwin et al., 2012

 

Plant Collecting Protocol

Purpose, Methods:

  • Plants are collected by permit of the Staff Scientist. Researchers will be using standard practices for collecting and preserving specimens.
  • Collection of plant species’ material, fruit, and seeds is permitted for the purposes of identification, study, research and/or creating a voucher specimen, under conditions set by the Staff Scientist. If it is a native California species do not collect plant unless it is part of a larger and viable population. Generally, 1 individual among 20 plants will not cause structural or genetic harm to a population BUT only proceed if you feel that this is indeed true. ​
  • Limited collecting of CNPS ranked Special status species or Locally rare and uncommon species for voucher specimens is permitted under conditions set by the Staff Scientist on a case by case basis.

Additional collection protocol:

  • Attempt to identify plant before harvest. Identification must be conducted by a competent botanist who is capable of identifying plants in the field using dichotomous keys and able to distinguish common species from the sensitive plant species of the region. If there are any doubts about the species ID and therefore the plant’s status: document only with photos, field notes and locational data.
  • Collectors shall attempt to be discrete about collecting, but be prepared to explain to the public the purpose of collection and mention that you have a permit.

 

Questions, Corrections and Changes to the Web Plant List

7/1/2017

  • Artemisia biennis : website is correct Dengler 1975 (p.27). 1924 is the date of the only voucher.
  • Bromus commutatus : not reported since 1975; website updated.
  • Cuscuta californica var californica : not reported since Dengler 1975; website updated.
  • Cuscuta subinclusa : ID 264; website updated.
  • Quercus wislizeni (Booklet ID 348, not reported since 1975) : Only Q. w. var. frutescens (ID 347) is reliably documented for the Preserve. FNA treatment doesn't recognize vars
  • Quercus x chasei Quercus agrifolia var. aX Q. kelloggii; website updated.
  • Quercus x  jolonensis Quercus douglasii X Q. lobata; website updated.
  • Quercus x morehus Quercus wislizeni X Q. kelloggii; website updated.
  • Lessingia pectinata var. tenuipes : L. glandulifera var. g.; website updated.
  • Phyla nodiflora : most recent observation is 5/21/2001; website updated.
  • Spirodela polyrhiza :  not reported since 1992; website updated.
  • Centaurium tenuiflorum : redetermined Zeltnera muehlenbergii; website updated.

7/5/2017

1/9/2018

1/2019

  • ADD Castilleja wightii  SPEC; ADD note"Collected once in 1961 along Corte Madera Creek, south end of Preserve"
  • Dysphania ambrosioides SPEC: DELETE NOTE "Collected 1964-1980; not reported since"
  • Lepidium pinnatifidum: DELETE NOTE "Collected in 1972 at Low Flow Crossing; not seen since"
  • Mimulus aurantiacus var. aurantiacus CHANGE to Diplacus aurantiacus.
  • Mimulus cardinalis CHANGE to Erythranthe cardinalis.
  • Mimulus douglasii CHANGE to Diplacus douglasii.
  • Mimulus guttatus (in part) CHANGE to  Erythranthe microphylla.
  • Mimulus guttatus (in part) CHANGE to Erythranthe guttata.
  • ADD Polystichum californicum SPEC.
  • Corallorhiza maculata ADD NOTE "Undetermined to variety; uncommon, Trail 12; not reported since 2002"
  • DELETE NOTE for Corallorhiza maculata var. occidentalis. Change status to SPEC 
  • Juglans hindsii (J. californica var. hindsii): REMOVE listed species symbol «.
  • Navarretia heterodoxa: ADD NOTE "Style, stamens exerted".
  • Navarretia squarrosa: ADD NOTE "Style, stamens included; stamen attachment in floral tube".
  • ADD Dryopteris expansa SPEC
  • Ranunculus californicus ADD NOTE "Abnormal forms are found in which all flower parts are sepaloid"
  • ADD Trifolium amoenum spec$ ADD note: "Historical voucher" 
  • ADD Logfia filaginoides SPEC
  • ADD *Trifolium angustifolium NARROW-LEAVED CLOVER SPEC #950
  • Delete Trifolium arvense; ADD name to list of Rejected Reports
  • ADD  Sagina decumbens ssp. occidentalis SPEC, Add NOTE "Typically 4-merous locally; petals=sepals; upper leaf-pair bases glabrous"
  • Sagina apetala, ADD note: "Petals 0; upper leaf-pair bases ciliate"
  • Corallorhiza maculata var. maculata > Corallorhiza maculata; CHANGE note: "Undetermined to var. Uncommon Trail 12; not seen since 2002"
  • Actaea rubra: DELETE note: "Not observed since  . . ."
  • Epilobium torreyi: DELETE note: "Collected from 1961– 1967 in blue oak woodland along Road F and along Road E; not reported since."
  • ADD NOTE to Clarkia rubicunda "Ovary 4-grooved; reddish spot or zone at petals' base"
  • ADD NOTE to Epilobium minutum "Annual; seed hair-tuft; locally abundant (vs E. torreyi)"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Epilobium torreyi to "Annual; seed hair-tuft; locally abundant (vs E. minutum)"
  • DELETE NOTE for Oenothera elata ssp. hookeri
  • ADD NOTE to Delphinium patens ssp. patens: "Not on serpentine"

12/2/2019

  • ADD Camissoniopsis intermedia INTERMEDIATE SUNCUP SPEC #949
  • ADD *Galium parisiense WALL BEDSTRAW SPEC #951
  • Acer negundo (A. n. var. californicum): print version check extra space between A. n.
  • Family heading for Scrophulariaceae: REMOVE close parens after (includes BUDDLEJACEAE
  • DELETE *Lycopersicon esculentum TOMATO SPEC 800 (moved to WAIF List)
  • Add Parthenocissus inserta WOODBINE SPEC #948
  • Vitis vinifera: CHANGE note to "Planted at Hermit Cabin site; persistent"
  • *Lepidium pinnatifidum; DELETE note "not reported since 1972"
  • DELETE family AGAPANTHACEAE – AGAPANTHUS FAMILY; ADD Agapanthus sp. to family AMARYLLIDACEAE – AMARYLLIS FAMILY
  • Agapanthus: ADD NOTE "Red-Hot Poker Meadow; persistent"

12/16/2019

  • Allium amplectens: CHANGE NOTE to "Flower pinkish-white w/pinkish midveins, papery when dry, 6 prominent ovary crests"
  • Allium lacunosum: CHANGE NOTE to "Flower white w/dark midveins, ovary crests 3, minute, 2-lobed"
  • Allium peninsulare var. franciscanum: CHANGE NOTE to "Flower bright red-purple on long pedicel in open head"
  • Allium triquetrum: CHANGE NOTE to "Flower white; stem triangular"
  • Allium unifolium: CHANGE NOTE to "Flower pink"
  • ADD  Arum italicum (Araceae) ITALIAN ARUM – DOC – #953
  • CHANGE common name Scrophularia californica to CALIFORNIA FIGWORT, BEE PLANT
  • ADD Arctostaphylos canescens ssp. canescens-- spec --plus NOTE etc
  • CHANGE Thysanocarpus curvipes to Thysanocarpus curvipes ssp. curvipes and NOTE "fruit usually < 5 mm long, margins entire"
  • ADD Thysanocarpus curvipes ssp. elegans --SPEC-- and NOTE "fruit > 6 mm long, margins perforated" – #947
  • ADD *Rhamnus alaternus – ITALIAN BUCKTHORN  – SPEC – #952
  • DELETE Lepdidium campestre — poor specimen, inconclusive; add to under-documented/rejected names list
  • Asparagus officinalis ssp. officinalis : ADD NOTE "Occasional in dry beds of Bear Creek and San Francisquito Creek"
  • Cyperus difformis : CHANGE NOTE "Collected in 1980; not reported since"
  • Triglochin scilloides : ADD NOTE "Documented in Report for the Boething Tree Nursery, 2005
  • Hyacinthoides hispanica : ADD NOTE "Near Douglas' Iris site; persistent. Not in TJM2"
  • Bromus berteroanus (B. trinii) ADD open diamond to print list, considered naturalized in TJM2
  • *? Typha angustifolia : CHANGE NOTE to: "Naked stem between staminate and pistillate flowers generally 1-12 cm. Nativity uncertain as in TJM2"
  • DELETE Medicago sativa, now listed as a Waif, ag escape
  • DELETE Impatien balfourii, now listed as a Waif, garden escape and delete family BALSAMIACEAE
  • DELETE  Abutilon theophrasti, now listed as a Waif, garden escape

6/1/2020 to the present

  • ADD Ancistrocarphus filagineus – ASTERACEAE – DOC – #957
  • Antirrhinum vexillocalyculatum ssp. v.: CHANGE NOTE to: Springer 1935 “edge of shady area at the margin of the lake. Three specimens in June and July”; seedlings photographed in 2019
  • Calamagrostis rubescens: REMOVE boldface; no longer designated Locally Rare
  • Piperia elegans ssp. elegans (P. elegans): CHANGE NOTE to "Springer 1935 “three specimens seen in shady woods, in June and July.” Trails b and c"
  • Piperia transversa: CHANGE NOTE to "Road E; Trail 4; Bird Path behind Hillside Lab; usually growing near madrone"
  • ADD  Sesuvium verrucosum – AIZOACEAE, ICEPLANT FAMILY – SPEC – #961
  • ADD  Malvella leprosa – MALVACEAE – SPEC – #960
  • Najas marina: CHANGE status to DOC, delete note
  • *Artemisia biennis: CHANGE NOTE to "Searsville Lake, 1924 to present"
  • Persicaria lapathifolia: CHANGE NOTE to "Searsville Lake, 1909 to present"
  • Amaranthus californicus: CHANGE status to SPEC
  • Polypodium californicum changed to Polypodium calirhiza/californicum. CHANGE NOTE to: "Chromosome count or spore measurement needed (Sigel 2014)"
  • ADD Elymus trachycaulus ssp. trachycaulus  –  SLENDER WHEATGRASS – SPEC – #955
  • Marrubium vulgare: DELETE from NOTE "Single plant found in 2001 near Dennis Martin site; not seen since 2004".
  • Lasthenia gracilis, CHANGE NOTE to: Drier serpentine soil (vs. L. californica ssp. c.); pappus white opaque lance-ovate scales or 0
  • Lasthenia californica ssp. californica, CHANGE NOTE to: Wetter serpentine soil (vs. L. gracilis); pappus more or less clear linear to awl-like scales or 0
  • ADD « Amsinckia lunaris – BENTFLOWER FIDDLENECK – Corolla bilateral symmetry; throat with reddish splotches – DOC – #963 [Calflora]
  • ADD *Lotus tenuis – NARROW-LEAF BIRD'SFOOT TREFOIL – SPEC – #964 [Calflora]
  • ADD  Persicaria hydropiperoides – WATER PEPPER – SPEC – #965 [Calflora]
  • ADD Faxinius latifolia – OREGON ASH – SPEC – #967 [Calflora]
  • ADD Symphyotrichum subulatum var. parviflorum – ANNUAL SALTMARSH ASTER – SPEC – #966  [Calflora]
  • DELETE Parthenocissus inserta WOODBINE SPEC #958 (redetermined P. quinquefolia)
  • ADD Parthenocissus quinquefolia VIRGINIA CREEPER #948 NOTE earliest report 2011 in Bear Creek, 2017 San Francisquito Creek
  • Boykinia occidentalis – DELETE NOTE "Collected in 1969 “N side of San Francisquito Creek just above falls in creek”; not reported since" and CHANGE spec to SPEC 
  • *Amaranthus albus – DELETE NOTE
  • *Carex divulsa – DELETE NOTE
  • CHANGE Arctostaphylos sp. to Arctostaphylos manzanita ssp. manzanita
  • CHANGE NOTE for Euphorbia serpillifolia ssp. s (Chamaesyce s. ssp. s.) to "First collected in 1906"
  • Add Hesperevax acaulis var. ambusticola FIRE EVAX SPEC 968
  • Dichelostemma capitatum ssp. capitatum NAME CHANGE: Dipterostemon capitatus ssp. capitatus (Dichelostemma capitatum ssp. c.)
  • Cynoglossum grande NAME CHANGE: Adelinia grandis (Cynoglossum grande)
  • Add Polycarpon depressum  – CALIFORNIA POLYCARPON  – SPEC  – 969
  • Earlier name change to S. nigra ssp. caerulea now changed back to Sambucus mexicana
  • Add HYDROPHYLLACEAE: Nemophila, Phacelia, Pholistoma transferred to Hydrophyllaceae
  • Add HELIOTROPIACEAE: Heliotropium transferred to Heliotropiaceae from Boraginaceae
  • Pentachaeta alsinoides – CHANGE status to SPEC; remove NOTE in Print Plant List
  • Triodanis biflora  – ADD SPEC; CHANGE NOTE TO: "Collected in 1921, 1979, 2022" or DELETE NOTE
  • Githopsis specularoides: CORRECT species epithet to specularioides. CHANGE STATUS to SPEC
  • DELETE Calamagrostis koelerioides — JROH4972,  collected in 1962; not reported since — Single voucher of plant #712: redetermined (7/15/2022) C. rubescens
  • CHANGE Croton setigerus TO Croton setiger (C. setigerus, Eremocarpus setigerus)
  • CHANGE  Delphinium californicum TO Delphinium californicum ssp. californicum
  • CHANGE  Quercus chrysolepis  Redetermined TO Quercus palmeri
  • CHANGE Quercus wislizeni and Q. w. var. frutescens Redetermined TO Q. parvula ssp. shrevei
  • CHANGE Quercus x morehus = Quercus wislizeni X Q. kelloggii TO Quercus parvula shrevei X Q. kelloggii
  • CHANGE Quercus agrifolia var. agrifolia x Quercus wislizeni TO Quercus agrifolia var. agrifolia x Quercus parvula shrevei
  • CHANGE Aphyllon fasciculatum TO Aphyllon franciscanum NOTE: (Orobanche fasciculata, A. fasciculatum, misapplied; host of our plant is Eriogonum nudum)
  • CHANGE Stephanomeria virgata TO Stephanomeria virgata ssp. pleurocarpa 
  • CHANGE ADOXACEAE – MUSKROOT FAMILY to VIBURNACEAE – MUSKROOT FAMILY (and move Sambucus mexicana to VIBURNACEAE)
  • DELETE Cryptantha clevelandii var. florosa. All sheets redetermined to Cryptantha torreyana var. pumila 
  • CHANGE NOTE for Quercus berberidifolia to "or Quercus berberidifolia x Q. durata. Acorns lacking"
  • CHANGE Quercus x morehus to "Q. kelloggii × Q. parvula var. shrevei (Quercus x morehus misapplied)", NO COMMON NAME; AND CHANGE NOTE to "JROH2534 3/19/1898; no currently known location. Keuter, A and Manos, PS. 2019. Agrifoliae: the California Red Oaks. International Oaks 30: 191–202"
  • DELETE ENTRY "Festuca octoflora" and REPLACE with 2 entries:
    • ADD Festuca octoflora var. glauca (Vulpia o. var. glauca in FNA Online; Festuca octoflora in Jepson eFlora). NOTE: "Uncommon. ID Remarks--sheet annotated by Gould and Lonard: only specimen w/ lemmas short and short-awned and not densely pubescent. FNA eflora". NOTE: "Uncommon. ID Remarks--sheet annotated by Gould and Lonard: only specimen w/ lemmas short and short-awned and not densely pubescent. FNA eflora (Vulpia octoflora var. glauca). See NOTE for Festuca octoflora var. hirtella" 
    • ADD Festuca octoflora var. hirtella (Vulpia o. var. hirtella in FNA Online; Festuca octoflora in Jepson eFlora). NOTE: "Three varieties are recognized by FNA, 'but their characterization is not completely satisfactory, e.g., plants of the southwestern United States with spikelets in the size range of var. glauca often have densely pubescent lemmas, the distinguishing characteristic of var. hirtella'"
  • DELETE ENTRY "Festuca microstachys" and REPLACE with 2 entries:
    • ADD Festuca microstachys var. ciliata (Vulpia m. var. ciliata in FNA Online; Festuca microstachys in Jepson eFlora). NOTE: "Glumes and lemmas pubescent (vs var. pauciflora). Two vars at Jasper Ridge are not known to intergrade nor intermingle".  PLANT NUMBER 771
    • ADD Festuca microstachys var. pauciflora (Vulpia m. var. pauciflora in FNA Online; Festuca microstachys in Jepson eFlora). NOTE: "Glumes and lemmas glabrous (vs var. ciliata). Two vars at Jasper Ridge are not known to intergrade nor  intermingle". PLANT NUMBER 770
  • CHANGE ENTRY * Festuca myuros (Vulpia m. var. hirsuta and V. m. var. m.) to "* Festuca myuros (Vulpia myuros and and V. m. forma megalura in FNA Online). NOTE: "Non-native, invasive species, as recorded in TJM2. [Web Plant List] NOTE treats individuals with ciliate lemma margins
  • ADD NEW ENTRY: Hordeum brachyantherum ssp. brachyantherum. MEADOW BARLEY. SPEC. NOTE: Peren, culms +- slender; lf sheath and blades glabrous to scabridulous (vs var. californicum). Only know from a single location of the Semaphore grass vernally wet depresion; Santa Clara Formation substrate. ID uncertain.  PLANT NUMBER 970
  • CHANGE NOTE for Hordeum brachyantherum ssp. californicum to "Peren; sts slender; lf blades and/or lower lf sheath hairy (vs var. brachyantherum)"
  • CHANGE TAXON and other info for Cuscuta occidentalis (C. californica var. breviflora) TO Cuscuta campestris (C. californica var. breviflora). FIELD DODDER. SPEC. NOTE: Searsville Lab Landing; host Xanthium strumarium; corolla with scales. (There are local records for C. campestris on Xanthium, including Lake Lagunita and Crystal Springs area). PLANT # 971
  • CHANGE TAXON and ADD NOTE for Agoseris heterophylla to Agoseris heterophylla var. heterophylla (A. h.) ANNUAL AGOSERIS SPEC NOTE: Photo records of plants like var. cryptopleura (ligule 10–15 mm, much exceeding involucre), but no specimens, vs. var. heterophylla (ligule 2–6 mm, ± equaling involucre)
  • * Kniphofia uvaria CHANGE DOC to SPEC
  • Amaranthus californicus CHANGE SPEC$ to SPEC and DELETE NOTE
  • DELETE * Amaranthus retroflexus REDROOT PIGWEED Ag weed reported in 1974 and 1975. NOW INCLUDED with the waifs/Ag weeds
  • ADD  Sparaxis tricolor SPARAXIS, SPEC, Persistent — IRIDACEAE
  • ADD Leucojum aestivum SNOWFLAKE, Calflora, DOC, naturalized — AMARYLLIDACEAE – AMARYLLIS FAMILY
  • DELETE * Chenopodium album, moved to Underdocumented list: Likely not naturalized on Preserve and possible misidentification (resembles Chenopodium berlandieri)

10/2022 and on [IDENTIFICATION info added to NOTES field] Many identification notes compliments of Dylan Neubauer, 2013,  Annotated Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Santa Cruz County, California, 2nd ed. 

  • CHANGE NOTE for Iberis umbellata to "Disturbed area, abandoned garden"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Torilis arvensis to "Fr without beak (vs. Anthriscus); Pl erect, infl open. Non-native, invasive species, as recorded in TJM2"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Torilis nodosus to "Pl spreading; umbel dense, headlike"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Equisetum arvense to ""Sts dimorphic; sterile sts green, whorled, gen 5 mm or < in diam; fertile st sheath teeth 6–10; sterile st sheath teeth 6–14 (vs. E. telmateia subsp. b.)"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Equisetum hyemale ssp. affine to "Sts perennial, monomorphic"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Equisetum telmateia ssp. braunii to ""Like E. arvense, but w/ sterile sts stouter and taller, 5–20 mm in diam; fertile st sheath teeth 20+; sterile st sheath teeth 14+"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Plagiobothrys bracteatus to : Collected twice in 1966 “NW end of serpentine meadow in road”; not reported since. Dengler fieldnotes 4/10/1954; "Five plants only, all blooming by (south a few feet) of large serpentine boulder between quadrats 13 and 14 where water of rains previously stood. Soil now cracked with drought near edge of serp.” Nutlet adaxially keeled distal to scar; scar gen raised (vs. Cryptantha spp.)
  • CHANGE NOTE for Plagiobothrys chorisianus var. hickmanii to "RANK 4.2, single occurrence. Sts prostrate, branching proximally; longest pedicels gen < calyx; corolla limb 5–7 mm diam. Moist depressions; inland"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Plagiobothrys nothofulvus to "Distinct rosette, lvs red-staining; calyx circumcissile"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Plagiobothrys tenellus to "Collected 1904 and 1920; not reported since. Distinct rosette; nutlets 4, cross-shaped"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Polystichum californicum to "Lvs gen 1- to partly 2-pinnate. Moist, shady areas. TJM2: Probably a hybrid between P. dudleyi and P. munitum"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Polystichum dudleyi to "Lvs gen 2- to rarely partly 3-pinnate. TJM2: Hybridizes w/ P. californicum and P. munitum"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Lomatium dasycarpum ssp. dasycarpum to "Corolla tomentose; bracts not fused, reflexed (vs L. macrocarpum); common in scurry zones, especially serpentine"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Lomatium caruifolium var. caruifolium to "Relocated 4/2013 off Trail 11. Earlier reports: north side of Road D, Sector 13 A5; in bloom 3/25/02 and 3/26/03. Rep. “common” south of Road D: Dengler [Notebook] 5/5/63. c.: Sts ± absent (vs L. utriculatum); lvs finely dissected; corolla yellow; uncommon"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Lomatium utriculatum to "Sts leafy (vs L. caruifolium); lvs finely dissected; cauline lf petioles sheathing; corolla yellow; fr glabrous; uncommon"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Lomatium macrocarpum to "Bractlets ± fused, reflexing; corolla ± glabrous; generally serpentine prairie; uncommon (vs L. dasycarpum)"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Triteleia hyacinthina to "Fls white; stamens 6 at 2 levels, equal"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Triteleia ixioides ssp. ixioides to "Fls yellow; stamens 6 at 1 level, unequal"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Triteleia laxa to "Fls pale-blue to violet-purple; stamens 6"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Phalaris lemmonii to "Collected in 1970 “Along a road”; not reported since. Annual; glume keel wing 0; moist areas"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Juncus hesperius to "Stamens 3; culms bright green; sheath tip thin with broad membranous wings; sheath green when fresh to pale or mid-brown when dry (vs J. effusus ssp. pacificus)"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Brassica rapa to "Uncommon. Non-native, invasive species, as recorded in TJM2. Gen glabrous, glaucous sts; upper cauline lf base lobed, gen clasping; fr w/ pedicels ascending to ± spreading (vs Brassica nigra)"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Brassica nigra to "Springer 1935 “Infrequent,” which is still the case. Terminal segment fr. w/o seed (vs. Hirschfeldia). Hairy sts; upper cauline lf base tapered, not lobed; fr w/ pedicels erect, ± appressed (vs Brassica rapa). Non-native, invasive species, as recorded in TJM2"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Juncus occidentalis to "Lf blades wiry, grass-like"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Lamium amplexicaule to "Upper st lvs clasping; inner corolla tube hairs 0 (vs L. purpureum)"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Lamium purpureum to "Upper st lvs petioled; inner corolla tube hairy (vs L. amplexicaule)"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Stachys bullata to ""Lf blade ± ovate; ring of hairs inside corolla tube < 2 mm from base, perpendicular to tube; corolla tube base pouch 0."
  • CHANGE NOTE for Stachys pycnantha  to "Corolla tube pouched; infl compact, gen < 5 cm, gen only two lowest bracts visible. Usually serpentine seeps"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Stachys rigida var. quercetorum to "Corolla tube pouched; infl elongate, many bracts visible; lf blade ovate, base cordate (vs S. pycnantha). Look for var. rigida"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Malva nicaeensis to "Bractlets widely lanceolate to ovate, bases fused"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Erodium botrys to "Lvs simple, lobed; sts short-hairy; top of mericarp w/ 0 or narrow pits above 3–4 glabrous ridges; sepals w/ prominent, reddish mucro (vs Erodium brachycarpum). Common"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Erodium brachycarpum to "As above but sts ± glandular-hairy; top of mericarp w/roundish pits above 1–2 hairy ridges; sepals w/ short, green mucro. Collected in 1903; not reported since"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Geranium dissectum to "Non-native, invasive species, as recorded in TJM2. Lf segments 7–9, lf divided 0.75–0.95 to base (vs G. molle)"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Geranium molle "Lf segments 5–7, lf divided 0.5–0.75 to base (vs G. dissectum)"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Galium triflorum to "Decumbent perennial; lvs broad, whorls of 6. Fragrant. Forest"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Galium parisiense to "Slender, erect annual; lvs in whorls of 6, gen reflexed in age"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Galium aparine to "Upright annual; lvs in whorls of 6–8, narrowly oblanceolate; fr w/ hooked hairs. Previously considered to be non-native. Locally, behaves as an aggressive weed."
  • CHANGE NOTE for Galium murale to "Tiny annual; lvs in whorls of 4–6; nutlets sausage-shaped. Usually in chaparral"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Galium porrigens var. porrigens to "Climbing, woody, scabrous perennial; lvs in whorls of 4; fr glabrous"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Ribes californicum var. californicum to "Nodal spines 3; internodes gen glabrous; lf hairs 0 or sparse; fr spiny"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Ribes divaricatum var. pubiflorum to "Nodal spines 0–3; internodes bristly or not; style base hairy; fr black, glabrous"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Ribes malvaceum var. malvaceum to "Nodal spines 0; lvs thick, tomentose abaxially; style base hairy. Flwg October–April. Chaparral"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Ribes menziesii var. menziesii to "Nodal spines 3; internode bristles dense; lvs glandular-hairy; style base glabrous"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Ribes sanguineum var. glutinosum to "Nodal spines 0; lvs thin, not tomentose abaxially; style base glabrous. Flwg February–April. Marsh, Willow woodland"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Oxalis corniculata to "Bulbs 0; sts rooting at nodes; petals yellow, often w/ red spots below middle, gen < 8 mm"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Oxalis pes-caprae to "Common and spreading in shady places; bulbs present; pls semi-succulent; lvs in a ± basal rosette; petals bright-yellow; fr 0 in CA. Non-native, invasive species, as recorded in TJM2"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Claytonia exigua ssp. exigua to "Cauline lvs free or ± fused on one side; petals 2–5"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Claytonia parviflora ssp. parviflora to "Basal lvs > 3× longer than wide, linear; cauline lvs fused into ± disk. TJM2: Variable; intergrades w/ C. perfoliata complex"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Claytonia perfoliata ssp. perfoliata to "Basal lvs < 3× longer than wide, elliptic to deltate, tips obtuse to acute; cauline lvs gen round or ± obtuse-angled. Claytonia perfoliata subsp. mexicana: Basal lvs < 3× longer than wide, may also be present"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Montia fontana to "Annual; cauline lvs opposite; petals ± = sepals"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Clarkia unguiculata to "Petals clawed; ovary 8-grooved"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Navarretia squarrosa to "Odor skunklike; outer bract tip lobes 0; corolla lobes 9–12 mm, > calyx, dark-blue"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Leptosiphon pygmaeus ssp. continentalis to ""Fls white, pedicels thread-like. Chaparral margins"
  • CHANGE NOTE for  Cirsium occidentale var. occidentale to "Collected in 1974 and 1979 Below dam near old low-flow crossing; not reported since. Fl heads broad; fls purplish; phyllary tips connected by cobwebby hairs (vs var. venustum)"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Cirsium occidentale var. venustum to "Collected in 1963 Oak woodland at Westridge end of ridge and 1973 along Rd D west of Rd E; not reported since. Fl heads narrower; fls bright-red; phyllary tips not conspicuously connected by network of hairs (vs var. occidentale)"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Athysanus pusillus to "Springer 1935 “Infrequent,” which is still the case. Infl 1-sided; fr ± round. Rocky areas in seprentinite"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Stephanomeria virgata ssp. pleurocarpa to "Outer phyllaries appressed; pappus bristles wholly plumose; fr without long groove on each face"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Stebbinsoseris heterocarpa `to "Grassland. Somewhat variable. TJM2: Derived from hybridization between Microseris douglasii and Uropappus lindleyi"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Uropappus lindleyi to "Fl heads erect in bud; outer phyllaries not < 1/4 inner; pappus scale w/evenly notched scale tip"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Microseris douglasii douglasii to "Pappus scales ≥1.5 mm, awned without notch"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Sonchus asper ssp. asper to "Lf auricles rounded; ligule < corolla tube (vs S. oleraceus)"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Sonchus oleraceus​ to "Lf auricles pointed; ligule ± = corolla tube (vs S. asper)"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Pentachaeta alsinoides to "Ray fls 0 or < 1 mm; disk fls gen 4; corolla 3-lobed. Openings, scurry zones in grassland, chaparral"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Ranunculus uncinatus to "Petals 2–4 mm; fr faces smooth. Moist areas.  At southern edge of coastal range"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Ranunculus hebecarpus to "Petals to 2 mm; fr finely papillate on faces and margin, each papilla w/ hooked bristle; beak lanceolate"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Ranunculus aquatilis var. diffusus to "Petals white; both floating and submersed lvs w/ linear segments"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Delphinium hesperium ssp. hesperium to "Sepals spreading; infl crowded; pedicels puberulent; lower petals hairier adaxially than abaxially; proximal st striate. Serpentine prairie"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Delphinium californicum ssp californicum to "Sts gen > 1 m; sepals generally pale-lavender"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Delphinium patens ssp. patens to "Pedicels gen glabrous; sepals reflexed, light- or dark-blue; lower petals gen hairier adaxially. Woodland, sometimes grassy openings"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Rubus armeniacus" to "Sts 5-angled, prickles many; lflts gen 5, abaxially densely white-tomentose; fls pink. Hybridization btw this and R. ursinus occurs rarely"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Rubus ursinus to "Gen dioecious; sts not angled; prickles dense, straight; lflts gen 3, abaxially sparsely to densely gray-hairy; fls white. Common"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Datura stramonium to "Annual; corolla length 6–9 cm, glabrous, white or pale-bluish-purple, corolla lobes 8–10 mm. Orchard weed"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Hesperocnide tenella to "Annual with tinging hairs; lvs opp; pistillate sepals 2–4, fused to tip"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Quercus agrifolia var. agrifolia to "Lvs widely elliptic to round, w/ margins spiny, at least some on a given tree w/ abaxial hair tufts (“hairy armpits”) in vein axils; acorns slender, pointed, maturing in 1 yr. Most common oak here; gen ecotonal. Hybridization occurs among the local red oaks: Q. a. var. a., Q. kelloggii, Q. parvula var. shrevei . . . —Al Keuter"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Quercus kelloggii to "Deciduous tree; lvs gen w/ 6 deep lobes, each w/ 1–4, usually bristle-tipped teeth (unique among local oaks—lf projections on others are stiffer spines); acorns maturing in 2 yrs
  • CHANGE NOTE for Quercus lobata to "Large, deciduous tree. Lvs with 6–10 deep, rounded lobes, gen coarsely 2–3 toothed at tip, bristles 0; acorns 3–5 cm, pointed at tip, maturing in 1 yr. Deep, rich soil on slopes, in valleys.—Al Keuter"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Quercus parvula var. shrevei to "Evergreen tree, < 17 m, conical crown, tree taller than wide, foliage dense; twigs glabrous to slightly pubescent; winter bud scales silky-pubescent; lvs 3–9(14) cm, gen entire to spine-toothed, abaxially glabrous, ± dull, olive-green, petiole abaxially glabrous; acorns abruptly tapered to a ± blunt tip, maturing in 2 yrs. Low-elevation woodland, margins of or openings in redwood forest. Sometimes mistaken for Q. wislizeni. FNANM treats this taxon as a synonym of Q. w.—Al Keuter"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Amsinckia lunaris to "Corolla orange, 7-10 mm, bilateral symmetry; throat generally with 2 reddish splotches; heterostylous. Easily mistaken for Amsinckia intermedia. Det. by Ron Kelley"
  • CHANGE NOTE for Amsinckia intermedia to "Corolla orange, 7-11 mm, generally with 5 dark spots (vs. A. menziesii, A. lunaris)"

12/2022 and on

  • CHANGE Stephanomeria virgata TO Stephanomeria virgata ssp. pleurocarpa 
  • CHANGE ADOXACEAE – MUSKROOT FAMILY to VIBURNACEAE – MUSKROOT FAMILY (and move Sambucus mexicana to VIBURNACEAE)
  • DELETE Cryptantha clevelandii var. florosa. All sheets redetermined to Cryptantha torreyana var. pumila 
  • CHANGE NOTE for Quercus berberidifolia to "or Quercus berberidifolia x Q. durata. Acorns lacking"
  • CHANGE Quercus x morehus to "Q. kelloggii × Q. parvula var. shrevei (Quercus x morehus misapplied)", NO COMMON NAME; AND CHANGE NOTE to "JROH2534 3/19/1898; no currently known location. Keuter, A and Manos, PS. 2019. Agrifoliae: the California Red Oaks. International Oaks 30: 191–202"
  • DELETE ENTRY "Festuca octoflora" and REPLACE with 2 entries:
    • ADD Festuca octoflora var. glauca (Vulpia o. var. glauca in FNA Online; Festuca octoflora in Jepson eFlora). NOTE: "Uncommon. ID Remarks--sheet annotated by Gould and Lonard: only specimen w/ lemmas short and short-awned and not densely pubescent. FNA eflora". NOTE: "Uncommon. ID Remarks--sheet annotated by Gould and Lonard: only specimen w/ lemmas short and short-awned and not densely pubescent. FNA eflora (Vulpia octoflora var. glauca). See NOTE for Festuca octoflora var. hirtella" 
    • ADD Festuca octoflora var. hirtella (Vulpia o. var. hirtella in FNA Online; Festuca octoflora in Jepson eFlora). NOTE: "Three varieties are recognized by FNA, 'but their characterization is not completely satisfactory, e.g., plants of the southwestern United States with spikelets in the size range of var. glauca often have densely pubescent lemmas, the distinguishing characteristic of var. hirtella'"
  • DELETE ENTRY "Festuca microstachys" and REPLACE with 2 entries:
    • ADD Festuca microstachys var. ciliata (Vulpia m. var. ciliata in FNA Online; Festuca microstachys in Jepson eFlora). NOTE: "Glumes and lemmas pubescent (vs var. pauciflora). Two vars at Jasper Ridge are not known to intergrade nor intermingle".  PLANT NUMBER 771
    • ADD Festuca microstachys var. pauciflora (Vulpia m. var. pauciflora in FNA Online; Festuca microstachys in Jepson eFlora). NOTE: "Glumes and lemmas glabrous (vs var. ciliata). Two vars at Jasper Ridge are not known to intergrade nor  intermingle". PLANT NUMBER 770
  • CHANGE ENTRY * Festuca myuros (Vulpia m. var. hirsuta and V. m. var. m.) to "* Festuca myuros (Vulpia myuros and and V. m. forma megalura in FNA Online). NOTE: "Non-native, invasive species, as recorded in TJM2. [Web Plant List] NOTE treats individuals with ciliate lemma margins
  • ADD NEW ENTRY: Hordeum brachyantherum ssp. brachyantherum. MEADOW BARLEY. SPEC. NOTE: Peren, culms +- slender; lf sheath and blades glabrous to scabridulous (vs var. californicum). Only know from a single location of the Semaphore grass vernally wet depresion; Santa Clara Formation substrate. ID uncertain.  PLANT NUMBER 970
  • CHANGE NOTE for Hordeum brachyantherum ssp. californicum to "Peren; sts slender; lf blades and/or lower lf sheath hairy (vs var. brachyantherum)"
  • CHANGE TAXON and other info for Cuscuta occidentalis (C. californica var. breviflora) TO Cuscuta campestris (C. californica var. breviflora). FIELD DODDER. SPEC. NOTE: Searsville Lab Landing; host Xanthium strumarium; corolla with scales. (There are local records for C. campestris on Xanthium, including Lake Lagunita and Crystal Springs area). PLANT # 971
  • CHANGE TAXON and ADD NOTE for Agoseris heterophylla to Agoseris heterophylla var. heterophylla (A. h.) ANNUAL AGOSERIS SPEC NOTE: Photo records of plants like var. cryptopleura (ligule 10–15 mm, much exceeding involucre), but no specimens, vs. var. heterophylla (ligule 2–6 mm, ± equaling involucre)
  • Kniphofia uvaria CHANGE DOC to SPEC
  • Amaranthus californicus CHANGE SPEC$ to SPEC and DELETE NOTE
  • DELETE * Amaranthus retroflexus REDROOT PIGWEED Ag weed reported in 1974 and 1975. NOW INCLUDED with the waifs/Ag weeds
  • ADD  Sparaxis tricolor SPARAXIS, SPEC, Persistent — IRIDACEAE-- IRIS FAMILY
  • ADD Leucojum aestivum SNOWFLAKE, Calflora, DOC, naturalized — AMARYLLIDACEAE – AMARYLLIS FAMILY
  • DELETE * Chenopodium album, moved to Under-documented list: Likely not naturalized on Preserve, and possible misidentification (resembles Chenopodium berlandieri)

 

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